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Plants And Plant Care For Beginners

Having plants within your house does not only help in beautifying your home, but it also helps in providing a space for relaxation.

Plants assist in uplifting any form of the depressing spirit within your soul and help in calming you down, thus making you feel lighter and think clearer.

This is the primary reason why it is essential to have potted plants at home.

Below are some examples of plants you should be aware of:

Based on lifespan or age
Annual plants
Biennial plants
Perennial plants

Based on where they grow

Based on the physical size

Plant care guide for beginners:

Most people have no idea that plants need proper and adequate care.

When you care for a plant, they can survive any harsh weather or condition and also remain healthy.

Taking care of a plant is a chore we have to do every time we are at home. We need to take out time from our hectic and busy work schedule to properly care for our plants.

Courtesy of our science classes in primary/elementary school, we can now easily recite the fundamentals for plants survival: water, sunlight, nutrients, and air.

Because air is everywhere around us, we would look at how we can, via simple and straightforward ways, make sure that our plants are cared for properly in the other three aspects (sunlight, water, and nutrient).


Imagine going to bed hungry. Not fun, is it? That’s how it is for plants that receive insufficient sunlight.

This is because sunlight enables plants to photosynthesize, or make food.

We all know that the process of photosynthesis involves the use of light.

Plants and trees for beginners
Large Trees

Hence, one of the easy tips on how to care for your plants consists of exposing your plants to light as much as possible.

Photosynthesis is a vital process in the growth of plants, as it changes nutrients saturated from the soil into food to feed them and make the plants grow.

This will be impossible if a light is not present. Simply ensure that the location of the plants is where it can adequately get saturated in some sunshine for them to be able to make their food.

However, not every plant will thrive when simply placed under the glaring sun. Different plants require different amounts and intensity of sunlight.

The different categories of sunlight plants frequently fall into are:

Direct: sunlight typically reaches to the plant unswervingly without any obstacle or obstruction

Indirect: sunlight usually shines around the plant, however; not directly on it
Diffused: sunlight is typically filtered via a light curtain before it reaches the plant

Ensure to arrange the pants accordingly correctly. When choosing home-based plants, choose those that would be able to thrive in the sunlight which you can provide.


Just like us, plants also need water to survive. This, however, doesn’t mean you make flower beds and pots overflow with water.

As with anything, too much of anything is never good. Overwatering is actually one of the most common mistakes that can lead to a bigger problem for gardeners.

When you add water to the soil, and it does not get adequately drained, the ground becomes waterlogged.

Oxygen, the third basic need of plants, is then cut off for the roots, which then leads to the damage, decay, and eventual death of the plant.

So, how much should you water? The answer lies in the type of plant you are growing.

Like the level of sunlight, a plant should get, the amount of moisture it needs also varies with different plants.

Some plant species like to have moist soil in between watering, while others prefer dry soil.

Consult your vendor to find out the level of moisture your plant roots need and keep up with the routine.

Here are some helpful tips for plant watering:

Stick your finger into the soil and push downwards to gauge how moist the dirt is.

You can aim for almost-dry-but-still-moist dirt before watering. This is important for wilting plants which may not require the excessive water you’re giving.

Water thoroughly but not excessively, so roots at the bottom get water too.
Use lukewarm water for watering as cold water can shock the roots.

Place saucers below flower pots so water can drain off, and empty them when filled.

Water more during the warm seasons than in the cold seasons (but only as necessary).

Water newly planted shrubs and trees more frequently as they will not have developed deep root systems yet.

Nutrients for plant health

While plants may grow without regular feeding, a containerized plant could benefit from it.

Plants placed in garden beds can take up the nutrients available in the soil, but those without any resources need to be adequately fed with fertilizers and manures.

Flowering plants are an example of those kinds of plants that will hugely benefit from feeding.


Soils can also vary in the levels of nutrients they provide so rather than adding fertilizers; the situation may require special attention to the factors affecting the soil.

Plants are like humans, too; thus, they need to eat. Fertilizer is what feeds the plants, and it often contains all the nutrients that they need to grow healthy.

One of the easy tips on how to care for your plants is to feed them only at their peak of growth.

Just like a human, the growing periods are crucial, and much nutrients and energy is needed during this period.

You do not need to feed the soil regularly with fertilizer to grow the plants; this is because soils are naturally nutritious.

However; during the plant’s growth periods, the supply existing in the soil may not mainly be sufficient, so you need to feed the soil with fertilizers and manures.

Here are some tips for feeding your plants with fertilizers:

Make sure the soil is moist when applying fertilizers.

Feed plants when they show symptoms of nutrient deficiency.

Feed plants when they are producing a lower than expected yield while still looking healthy.

Feed during the growing season (spring/summer).

Don’t apply fertilizers to compacted soil which may end up ineffective.

These tips on how to take care of your plants can significantly help you.

Now you know how to take care of plants, you won’t consider it as a chore anymore and won’t take up much time from you.


Brent Richard Dixon

Are you wanting to start a garden but don't know where to begin? Our gardening tips for beginners are perfect for new gardener.


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